Mon – Thurs 8 am to Midnight | Friday 8 am to 5 pm | Saturday 1 pm to 5 pm | Sunday 2 pm to Midnight
The primary objective of Raugust Library is to support the undergraduate curriculum. This requires a broad subject coverage rather than an especially deep one. Depth can be attempted only in those fields where a large number of upperclassmen place more than entry-level demands upon the collection. Even this degree of depth will not encompass the research materials required by graduate level study or faculty research; certainly a comprehensive collection, containing everything available upon a given topic, is beyond the scope of this library. For faculty and upper-division research, the library will gladly make use of its extensive series of networks to locate and retrieve extramural materials.
The library also attempts to provide a variety of points of view on the subjects taught at the college. A collection that is skewed to one interpretation will not help students learn to analyze positions or synthesize arguments.
It should be emphasized that this is not an attempt to “dumb down” the collection, but rather an effort to meet the students at their own level of ability. Far more materials are held which challenge the best students and serve as gateways for further study or graduate research.
The other major user group is the faculty. The faculty have a strong tendency to use their own personal libraries rather than the college’s, except for periodicals, recreational reading, and interlibrary loan. Much of their library use involves placing materials on reserve for students in their classes.
The third user group on campus is that of administration and staff members. Although this group has accounted for the smallest number of users in the past, in recent years their requests for information and materials have grown, as their jobs have become more complex. This trend is expected to continue.
Raugust Library also has a surprisingly large body of non-college borrowers. Given the geographical problems of North Dakota, the college library has become the back-up library for the school, city, and county libraries in our area, used by over 800 people with no formal affiliation to the college. One side effect of the development of the Curriculum Library is that the collection now appeals to all age groups, from pre-readers to the elderly.
The library will acquire materials in whatever format is most useful to the user, whether print or non-print. In addition to books and journals, the library currently holds and will continue to acquire video tapes, audio tapes, laser discs, kits, games, cds, electronic books, posters, slides, overhead transparencies, microfilm, microfiche, CD-ROM’s, dvds, and computer programs. Format will only be a consideration in the purchase of materials if the library does not have the equipment to access the format.
The library now licenses and will continue to license bibliographic and full text databases in appropriate content areas. The same selection criteria will apply to these databases as to any materials bought for the library.
English will be the language of the collection effort, except for those materials which are bought specifically to support the foreign language curriculum. In addition, English/foreign language dictionaries for modern European languages will be bought and reference materials in foreign languages will be updated as needed (e.g., yearbooks and supplements for foreign language encyclopedias.)
No chronological period will be excluded from the collection.
Duplicates will be bought only in cases of extremely heavy use. This should not happen more than three or four times per year. If a gift is received which duplicates material already held in the library, the condition of the library’s copy will be evaluated to see if it needs to be replaced and its circulation history will be examined to see if a second copy would be a valuable addition. Otherwise, the gift will either be returned to the donor or disposed of by the library staff.
Gifts will not be accepted for the collection which do not meet the selection requirements for books bought for the collection. If the donor still wishes to give the materials to the library, they will be disposed of through the annual book sale or in some other manner. AV materials, videotapes, computer software, and other materials involving public performance rights or licensing may not be accepted as gifts unless copyright has first been cleared or a license obtained.
There are various informal agreements with other libraries as well. The Alfred Dickey Public Library purchases what might be described as more general or popular materials, oftentimes things outside our curriculum areas, and our patrons who desire these items are referred downtown for them. Conversely, the public library sends patrons who need more scholarly materials to the college library. The directors of the two libraries do not feel that competition in these areas would benefit either library or either primary patron group. In one area, at least, the public library has a fine collection which supplements that of the college library, namely, small business administration. Their collection has grown out of the need to provide assistance to the businesspeople of Jamestown, and our students have benefited from it. It makes no sense to duplicate this collection when the public library is only a mile away from campus.
Given the geographic isolation we deal with, cooperative agreements are not easy to sustain. The only other one is very informal and involves the State Library again. This simply states that if a book is borrowed on interlibrary loan more than twice during a year, the State Library should be notified so that it can buy a copy for back-up. We have invoked this policy only twice.
When the nursing program is examined periodically for recertification, the library is scrutinized much more closely, at least as to the nursing holdings. Problems here would cause problems with the recertification of the program.
The State Board of Higher Education has some guidelines, albeit unstated, for the curriculum libraries at institutions which train teachers; they are not articulated as clearly as could be hoped.
The Association of College and Research Libraries of the American Library Association issues a publication, STANDARDS FOR COLLEGE LIBRARIES, which is the best yardstick for determining the overall strength of an academic library collection. In past years, the standards consisted of the “bean counting” variety: numbers of books, journals, professional librarians per student or degree area, for instance. Raugust Library has improved from a grade of C- to a B over the years by these measurements.
The most recent STANDARDS, however, do not measure the quality of a library by what it holds, but rather by the effect it has on the learning of the students. This is a difficult thing to assess. The new standards need to be applied to the library every two or three years and the results incorporated into the collection development policy.
c comprehensive complete & exhaustive acquisition of materials
e excellent deep subject coverage to satisfy the research needs of upper- division undergraduates
s strong broad coverage which would satisfy most lower division student needs
b basic standard works containing general information
m minimal slight or no coverage
by decade Description Level
000 generalities b
010 bibliography e
020 library & info. science b
030 general encyclopedic works s
050 general serial publications s
060 general organization; museology m
070 journalism, publishing s
080 general collections m
090 manuscripts & book rarities m
100 philosophy & related disciplines e
110 metaphysics s
120 epistemology e
130 paranormal phenomena b
140 specific philosophical viewpoints e
150 psychology e
160 logic s
170 ethics e
180 ancient, medieval, oriental s
190 modern western philosophy e
200 religion e
210 natural religion s
220 Bible e
230 Christian theology e
240 Christian moral & devotional s
250 local church & religious orders s
260 social & ecclesiastical theology s
270 history & geography of church s
280 Christian denominations & sects s
290 other & comparative religions e
300 social sciences e
310 statistics s
320 political science e
330 economics s
340 law b
350 public administration b
360 social problems & services s
370 education e
380 commerce s
390 customs, etiquette, folklore s
400 language b
410 linguistics b
420 English & Anglo-Saxon languages s
430 Germanic languages s
440 Romance languages s
450 Italian Romanian, etc. b
460 Spanish & Portuguese languages s
470 Italic languages (Latin) b
480 Hellenic (classical Greek) b
490 other languages b
500 pure sciences e
510 mathematics e
520 astronomy & allied sciences m
530 physics s
540 chemistry & allied sciences s
550 sciences of earth & other worlds b
560 paleontology m
570 life sciences e
580 botanical sciences s
590 zoological sciences e
600 technology (applied science) s
610 medical sciences e
620 engineering & allied operations m
630 agriculture & related technologies m
640 home economics & family living m
650 management & auxiliary services s
660 chemical & related technologies b
670 manufacturers m
680 manufacture for specific uses b
690 buildings b
700 the arts s
710 civic & landscape art m
720 architecture s
730 plastic arts (sculpture) s
740 drawing, decorative, & minor arts s
750 painting & paintings e
760 graphic arts (prints) s
770 photography & photographs s
780 music e
790 recreational & performing arts s
800 literature (belles-lettres) e
810 American literature in English e
820 English & Anglo-Saxon literatures e
830 literatures of Germanic languages s
840 literatures of Romance languages s
850 Italian, Romanian, Rhaeto-Romanic literatures m
860 Spanish & Portuguese literatures s
870 Italic literatures (Latin) b
880 Hellenic literatures (Greek) b
890 literature of other languages b
900 general geography and history e
910 general geography (travel) s
920 general biography & genealogy b
930 general history of the ancient e
940 general history of Europe e
950 general history of Asia e
960 general history of Africa b
970 general history of North America e
980 general history of South America b
990 general history of other areas b
Within these areas, criteria for considering the purchase of any particular item will include, but not be limited to, the following:
demand for and projected use;
whether or not it is in a subject area taught at the college;
whether or not the subject is currently covered in the library’s collection;
whether or not the approach/point-of-view is covered in the library’s collection;
quality of the item as reflected in available reviews;
projected long-term value of the item to the collection;
equipment needed to access the item.
Weeding must be done very carefully. The librarian should use standard and specialized bibliographies, consultations with faculty in doubtful cases, knowledge of the school and curriculum, and professional instincts and experience in deciding which books to discard.
The criteria for discarding materials from the library include, but are not limited to, the following:
- whether or not a more current edition is available;
- whether or not multiple copies can be discarded, leaving only one or two copies;
- whether or not the subject area is being taught or is likely to be taught in the foreseeable future;
- circulation history;
- physical condition of the material.
If any patron objects to any material in the library, s/he will be asked to fill out a form and turn it in to the director. The director will then arrange a meeting with the patron during the following week to discuss the concerns raised. If the matter cannot be resolved, it will be referred to a meeting of the patron, the director, and the academic dean.
However the matter is resolved, a formal report will be made to the dean and the North Dakota Library Association Intellectual Freedom Committee. The name of the patron initiating the request for reconsideration will be kept confidential in this report.